Effective Use of Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Response to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake

Publication year
2013
Emergency type
Country

When water supplies are compromised during an emergency, responders often recommend household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) methods, such as boiling or chlorination. We evaluated the near- and longer-term impact of chlorine and filter products distributed shortly after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. HWTS products were deemed as effective to use if they actually improved unsafe household drinking water to internationally accepted microbiological water quality standards.

Safe water supply in emergencies and the need for an exit strategy to sustain health gains: lessons learned from the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan

Publication year
2010
Emergency type
Country

The bacteriological quality of drinking-water supply of five major urban centres affected by the October 2005 earthquake in Pakistan were assessed in three phases: onset of emergency, during emergency response and post-emergency. A total of 1850 samples were randomly collected from the study area during each phase, and faecal coliforms were detected in 100%, 28% and 91% in Battagram, 81%, 22% and 77% in Mansehra, 100%, 27% and 92% in Rawalakot, 100%, 23% and 65% in Bagh and in 30%, 14% and 5% in Muzaffarabad respectively.

Menstration management: a neglected aspect of hygiene interventions

Publication year
2014
Country

Effective menstrual management is essential for the mental and physical well-being of women. However, many women in low-income countries lack access to the materials and facilities required. They are thus restricted in their activities whilst menstruating thus compromising their education, income and domestic responsibilities. The paper aims to discuss these issues. This study describes the menstrual management challenges faced by women in an emergency situation in Uganda.

Excreta disposal in emergencies: Bag and Peepoo trials with internally displaced people in Port-au-Prince

Publication year
2011
Emergency type
Country

After a series of earthquakes devastated Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on 12 January 2010, safe excreta disposal became an urgent priority. To mainstream innovative approaches to sanitation within the realities of urban humanitarian response, Oxfam GB undertook a trial from April to May 2010, of standard bag and Peepoo excreta disposal systems in two IDP settlements. Trial results demonstrate that with proper collection and removal, both bags and Peepoos are viable excreta disposal options in emergencies.

Ann Kite Yo Pale (let them speak) Best Practice and Lessons Learned in Communication with Disaster Affected Communities: Haiti 2010

Publication year
2011
Emergency type
Country

After the earthquake in Haiti in 2010, thousands of agencies, organizations, and individual people tried to find ways to help the people affected. However, there was also an outbreak of cholera in the town of St. Marc and the immediate response and evaluation by communication actors made an impact that was life or death. This study identifies best practice models in communication with affected populations that were implemented by humanitarians working in Haiti after the earthquake.

Urban Disaster Response and Recovery: Gender-sensitive WASH programming in post- earthquake Haiti

Publication year
2014
Emergency type
Country

After the aftermath of the earthquake in Haiti in 2010, Oxfam carried out various activities to improve WASH facilities for communities and additional activities that targeted the cholera outbreak. The projects Oxfam implemented took into consideration gender discrimination and cultural practices and emphasized the differing needs of men and women with respect to WASH. Oxfam employed a gender-sensitive approach that recognized the privacy and hygiene needs of men and women and ensured that WASH facilities were as secure as possible.

Biodegradable bags as emergency sanitation in urban settings: the field experience Open Primary tabs configuration options Primary tabs

Publication year
2012
Emergency type
Country

In addition to the dire medical needs resulting from the 2010 Haiti earthquake, over 1.5 million people were left without access to sanitation facilities. In the second phase of the overall emergency response, Médecins Sans Frontières-Operational Centre Brussels attempted to address the urgent need for safe and sanitary human excreta disposal in some of the most neglected camps for displaced people in Port-au-Prince, by implementing an approach consisting of defecation in single-use, biodegradable plastic bags.

The Application of Ecological Sanitation for Excreta Disposal in Disaster Relief Open Primary tabs configuration options Primary tabs

Publication year
2012
Emergency type

When responding to an emergency situation, ensuring safe excreta disposal is an urgent priority in the disaster relief effort. Depending on the environment, not all methods of sanitation are appropriate, so methods such as ecological sanitation (Ecosan) must be employed. Ecosan are sanitation methods and technologies that promote the safe resuse that allow additional benefits such as nutrient recovery, reforestation, and help begin post-disaster recovery and transition to sustainable develoment.

Assessment of hygiene communication plan in the aftermath of the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan

Publication year
2008
Emergency type
Country

The devastating earthquake on 8 October 2005 caused the immediate death of more than 70,000 people with injury and displacement to millions more. UNICEF played a major role to ensure provision of safe water and sanitation, within which a comprehensive communication plan was formulated and implemented. The plan aimed to create awareness and motivation on water and sanitation related diseases and their prevention. Multiple channels were used to convey specific messages, adapted as much as possible to a response phase.