WASH Coordination in Humanitarian Response: Evidence Summary

Publication year
2019
Emergency type
Country

Providing water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) to emergency-affected populations is necessary for dignity and
disease control. Coordination, via the ‘cluster approach’, is key to WASH program success. We summarized the
outcomes and impacts of WASH cluster coordination using a mixed-methods approach, including literature review,
summary of UNICEF documents, and key informant interviews with experienced cluster staff. Across these three
data sets, consistent themes were identified, including: the cluster approach as a cost-effective ‘best-fit’ model that

Inclusiveness in humanitarian action—access to water, sanitation & hygiene in focus

Publication year
2017
Emergency type
Country

Legal principles and moral obligations that guarantee the basic needs of people living in humanitarian crisis situations (HCSs) predate inclusive development (ID). This review of the scholarly literature on access to water, sanitation and hygiene services (WASH) in HCSs links: (a) legal principles and moral obligations for WASH in HCSs, (b) technological, assessment and participatory instruments for WASH provision in HCSs, and (c) the social, relational and environmental dimensions of ID.

Measuring the Benefits of using market based approaches to provide water and sanitation in humanitarian contexts

Publication year
2018
Emergency type
Country

The use of cash transfers and market based programming (CT/MBP) to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of emergency responses is gaining prominence in the humanitarian sector. However, there is a lack of existing indicators and methodologies to monitor activities designed to strengthen water and sanitation (WaSH) markets. Gender and vulnerability markers to measure the impact of such activities on different stakeholders is also missing.

Guidance on Market Based Programming for Humanitarian WASH Practitioners

Publication year
2019
Emergency type
Country

The purpose of this document is to provide practical guidance in preparedness, assessment, program design, implementation and monitoring related to Market-Based Programming (MBP) in humanitarian WASH assistance, and more specifically on:
     • How to identify linkages between markets and WASH services & goods;
     • How market based programming can complement and improve WASH programming;
     • How to conduct a WASH market assessment;

Understanding the performance of emergency feeding programmes: Save the Children’s CMAM Report

Publication year
2016
Emergency type

This case study explores IFRC’s innovation process in developing and testing a comprehensive relief item to meet more effectively and appropriately the menstrual hygiene needs of women and girls in emergencies. To address the multifaceted nature of menstrual hygiene management (MHM), grantees used a kitbased approach, including appropriate sanitary and hygiene items along with training for staff and information for beneficiaries.

Rapid Review of Disability and Older Age Inclusion in Humanitarian WASH Interventions

Publication year
2019
Emergency type
Country

Background. People with disabilities and older people make up significant population groups, however, they are disproportionately affected by and amongst the most marginalised in humanitarian response. In contexts of disasters, conflict or unrest, access to water and sanitation can be severely impacted, increasing vulnerability to disease and death.

An Introduction to Community Engagement in WASH

Publication year
2017
Emergency type
Country

The humanitarian sector has been strengthening its focus on and commitment to community-centred responses in recent years. This guide aims to provide field staff with clear, accessible guidance on the principles and practice of community engagement in WASH programmes. The content has been field tested in a variety of contexts.

Barriers and Facilitators to Chlorine Tablet Distribution and Use in Emergencies: A Qualitative Assessment

Publication year
2019
Emergency type
Country

Chlorine tablets are commonly distributed for household water treatment in emergencies. However, confirmed use after distribution ranges widely (from 7–87%), which raises concerns about chlorine tablet effectiveness, as measured by acceptance and appropriate use. To investigate chlorine tablet effectiveness, we conducted nine key informant interviews (KIIs) on tablet distribution in emergencies in general, five KIIs on chlorine taste and odor acceptance and rejection specifically, and a literature review on chlorine taste and odor concerns.

Infrastructure for All

Publication year
2007
Emergency type
Country

Infrastructure for All: Meeting the needs of both men and women in development projects — A practical guide for engineers, technicians and project managers.

How to support survivors of gender-based violence when a GBV actor is not available in your area: A step-by-step Pocket Guide for humanitarian practitioners

Publication year
2018
Emergency type
Country

In September 2015 the IASC Guidelines for Integrating Gender-based
Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings (GBV Guidelines) were launched. Over the course of 2016 and 2017, the GBV Guidelines Implementation Support Team trained over 2,500 humanitarian practitioners in 11 sectors and 18 countries on how to reduce gender-based violence-related risks in their programming.