Mainstreaming gender in WASH: lessons learned from Oxfam’s experience of Ebola

Publication year
2017
Emergency type

Within Oxfam, we continue to question how we could have better integrated gender equality in the Ebola response, and how to improve our gender mainstreaming in future emergencies. Why did gender mainstreaming in the Ebola response prove particularly challenging? How did the Ebola response differ from previous emergencies? What did we need to know to improve our response to the outbreak? Are there new ways in which we should approach gender mainstreaming? What lessons have we learned that we can carry forward in our work?

Community-Led Total Sanitation, Open Defecation Free Status, and Ebola Virus Disease in Lofa County, Liberia

Publication year
2017
Emergency type
Country

The  Ebola  virus  disease  (EVD)  epidemic  entered  Liberia  through  Lofa  County  in  February  2014  and  spread  to  two  health  districts  where  the nongovernmental  organization  Global  Communities  had  been  implementing  community-led  total  sanitation  (CLTS)  since  2012.  By  December 2014  the  county  had  928  Ebola  cases  (422  of  them  confirmed)  and  648  deaths.  Before  the  epidemic,  CLTS  was  triggered  in  155  communities,  and 98  communities  were  certified  as  Open  Defecation  Free  (ODF).  Using  mixed  quantitati

Learning from Oxfam's Tiger Worm Toilets projects

Publication year
2017

The world is witnessing the highest levels of forced human displacement on record, leading to people being housed in urban centres and camps. Generally the sanitation needs of these people are initially met by external agencies. The long-term costs of operating and maintaining traditional sanitation systems can be unviable when communities or local authorities take over their management. Therefore Oxfam has been trialling the Tiger Worm Toilet (TWT) in peri-urban and camp settings.

Open Defecation Status, Community-Led Total Sanitation and Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Voinjama and Kolahun Health Districts, Lofa County, Liberia (2014)

Publication year
2015
Emergency type
Country

The Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IWASH) program  implemented Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in counties of Liberia to analyze the relationship between Open Defectation Free (ODF) status with the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). The purpose of the study was to validate informal claims that IWASH communities with ODF status experienced no cases of EVD and to identify which community-based EVD activities were most effective.

Stopping Ebola in its Tracks: A Community-Led Response

Publication year
2015
Emergency type
Country

This publication highlights Global Communities' response to the Ebola outbreak and describes the process of adaptation, collaboration and partnership which helped the response to be successful, detailing challenges the led to further adaptation. Global Communities' response to the Ebola crisis was multifaceted and maintained a focus on community engagement and a multi-stakeholder approach.

Point-of-use water treatment and diarrhoea reduction in the emergency context: an effectiveness trial in Liberia

Publication year
2006
Emergency type
Country

Communicable diseases are of particular concern in conflict and disaster-affected populations that reside in camp settings. In the acute emergency phase, diarrhoeal diseases have accounted for more than 40% of deaths among camp residents. Clear limitations exist in current water treatment technologies, and few products are capable of treating turbid water. We describe the findings of a 12-week effectiveness study of point-of-use water treatment with a flocculant–disinfectant among 400 households in camps for displaced populations in Monrovia, Liberia.

Sanitation solutions for a refugee camp: Field trial of sanitation for the vulnerable

Publication year
2011
Emergency type
Country

In most of the emergency project, we just provided facilities to help people in need to have some living environment. The vulnerable people are always forgotten in this environment. That the case of those ( 4% of refugees ) in the Bahn camp. In order to help them to fully exercise their rights, NGO Action Contre la Faim initiated a construction of specific latrines which will best answer the needs of the vulnerable.

Guide to Community Engagement in WASH: A practitioner's guide based on lessons from Ebola

Publication year
2016
Emergency type

This guide is a compilation of best practices and key lessons learned through Oxfam's experience of community engagement in the 2014-15 Ebola responses in Sierra Leone and Liberia. It provides ideas for all stages of an intervention, including the importance of assessment; principles and methods for community engagement; the challenges of scaling-up responses and changing communities' behaviours; and reflections on how to better advocate for communities.

Chlorination of hand-dug wells in Morovia

Publication year
2006
Emergency type
Country

In peri-urban Monrovia, contaminated hand-dug wells were contributing to cholera outbreaks. Various chlorination methods were evaluated to determine their appropriateness and efficacy, both for public health emergencies and sustainable community-managed systems.