Design Considerations for Simplified Sewer Network in Informal Settlements

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

Conceptually, simplified sewerage is the same as Conventional Gravity Sewerage, without considering the unnecessary conservative design standards, and with design features that are better adapted to the local situation. The pipes are usually laid within the property boundaries, through either the back or front yards, rather than beneath the central road, allowing for fewer and shorter pipes. Because simplified sewers are typically installed within the condominium, they are often referred to as condominial sewers.

Sampling for Faecal Sludge and Other Liquid Wastes in Emergency Settings

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

The goal of this technical assistance assignment was to provide support to the emergency WASH sector and local administration, regarding sanitation and faecal sludge management, with focus on value—recovery in emergency settings, in order to sustainably improve the living conditions of displaced populations and their hosting communities.

Rural Sanitation Programming in Challenging Contexts: A desk based review

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

Of the two billion people worldwide lacking access to at least basic sanitation, seven out of ten live in rural areas (JMP 2019). Progress has been made on increasing rural sanitation and access levels are rising, but challenges remain in reaching the ‘last mile’ or some 10 to 20 per cent of the population (Apanga et al. 2020; UNICEF 2015).

A feminist study on the impact of COVID-19 on WASH access and the WASH sector response

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

Through a feminist approach to qualitative online survey and document analysis, this research explored how social inequalities intersected with the COVID-19 impact to shape access to WASH in developing countries while also examining the integration of gender into COVID-19 WASH interventions and policies. After describing the inspiration for this study, this article reviews relevant gender studies’ scholarship to explain why gender matters when responding to emergencies through WASH.

Guidelines for bulk water treatment in emergencies

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

Where large groups of people are displaced either by conflict or by natural disaster and they are likely to stay in a location for periods in excess of a few weeks, there will be a need to establish and probably subsequently upgrade a centralised water treatment system. This guideline focuses on community level needs where “bulk water treatment” is required. It is devised by the Oxfam Public Health Engineering Team to help provide a reliable water supply where mass displacement of people has occurred, e.g. as found in refugee camps and relief centres.

How to design handwashing facilities that change behaviour

Publication year
2019
Emergency type
Country

In a crisis, humanitarians are often responsible for providing or repairing handwashing infrastructure for the affected population. This creates an opportunity for us to build infrastructure and provide products which encourage people to practice handwashing with soap.

HANDWASHING STATIONS: Technical Briefing Note

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

Handwashing is a critical practice that is promoted to protect public health, especially during outbreaks of infectious diseases such as COVID-19. Handwashing stations are used both in emergencies and in other contexts to provide locations for people to wash hands with soap. In refugee camps and internal displacement centres, units for handwashing should be installed both at households and next to latrines and in communal areas, such as in markets, schools, and health centres. This document lists a range of options for handwashing stations.

Evidence Building for Cash and Markets for WASH in Emergencies / Summary of Findings

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

Despite the increasing use of market-based modalities in the humanitarian WASH sector, considerable barriers still exist to using them at scale. With the aim of addressing these barriers, the GWC Markets TWiG commissioned this systematic review of practices and evidence of MBP in the WASH sector.

Environmental health conditions in the transitional stage of forcible displacement: A systematic scoping review

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

In 2019, 30,000 people were forced to leave their homes due to conflict, persecution, and natural disaster each day. Eighty-five percent of refugees live in developing countries, and they often face underfunded and inadequate environmental health services. Many displaced persons live in camps and other temporary settlements long after the displacement event occurs. However, there is little evidence on environmental health conditions in the transitional phase—defined by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as six months to two years after displacement.

Integrating Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) into Ebola Response

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

The Guidance Note: Integrating Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) into Ebola Response aims to provide streamlined guidance and practical insights to support Ministries of Health, organizations and agencies seeking to integrate menstrual hygiene management (MHM) into their Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) response. This guidance note was informed by a global desk review and key informant interviews with global experts involved in a range of EVD response efforts in Africa over the last decade.