Violence, Gender & Wash: A Practitioner's Toolkit – Making water, sanitation and hygiene safer through improved programming and services

Publication year
2014
Emergency type
Country

This toolkit has been developed in response to an acknowledgement that although the lack of access to appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene services (WASH) is not the root cause of violence, it can lead to increased vulnerabilities to violence of varying forms. Incidences have been reported from a wide range of contexts, often anecdotally but with regular occurrence, with a number of targeted studies confirming the same.

Emergency WASH for Children, scoping study

Publication year
2014
Emergency type
Country

Children under 18 can represent 50% or more of a crisis-affected population. While existing emergency WASH literature often refers to the hardware requirements of children, particularly to excreta disposal options, it almost never takes into account the needs of children of different ages and more often provides very superficial information. Similarly, literature on hygiene promotion focuses on primary school age children; meanwhile case studies and examples from the field of how to adapt WASH programmes to suit children's needs are also very limited.

Guide to Community Engagement in WASH: A practitioner's guide based on lessons from Ebola

Publication year
2016
Emergency type

This guide is a compilation of best practices and key lessons learned through Oxfam's experience of community engagement in the 2014-15 Ebola responses in Sierra Leone and Liberia. It provides ideas for all stages of an intervention, including the importance of assessment; principles and methods for community engagement; the challenges of scaling-up responses and changing communities' behaviours; and reflections on how to better advocate for communities.