This operational guideline authored by UNICEF WASH Gregory Bulit and Monica Ramos, supports the establishment of case area targeted interventions (CATI) with dedicated community outbreak response teams (CORT) in a country affected by cholera. Annexes include tools to set-up, implement, monitor and evaluate the team responses. Inquiries: Greg Bulit and Laure Anquez.
Global Review of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Components in Rapid Response Mechanisms and Rapid Response Teams in Cholera Outbreak Settings
In recent outbreak settings, the use of rapid response teams (RRTs) to support the WASH sector has increased.
RRTs have been used as part of the response to cholera outbreaks in countries such as Haiti, Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the scope of these teams varying widely. As the
presence of RRTs becomes more common in outbreak settings, it is important to better understand and document
the different types of models in use.
Handwashing practices prove to be an effective and easy way of ensuring the health of populations affected by emergencies and humanitarian crieses. However, access and implementation of appropriate handwashing technologies act as barriers in emergencies. Three areas of exploration that would improve accessibility of handwashing techniques in emergencies include: improving links between practitioners and developers of handwashing technologies, developing adaptable handwash station infrastructure, and identifying clear drivers to promote handwashing practice and maintenance of facilities.