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In 2020, the WASH team in UNICEF Lebanon issued a nationwide feasibility and monitoring study for the use of cash as a modality to meet certain WASH needs within informally tented settlements (ISs). Under this initiative, UNICEF implemented a pilot project to evaluate and investigate the appropriateness of scaling up cash-based programming and eventually shifting from the in-kind/voucher-based modality of support in 200,000 ISs. The grant initiative aims to meet WASH sector-specific outcomes through enabling beneficiaries with the purchasing power to freely meet their demands, thus detaching their dependency on service provision by UNICEF and implementing partners.

The pilot found that shifting to cash-based programming using a WASH-specific grant could address the two underlying gaps faced by ISs in Lebanon today: support continuous access to reliable water and desludging services.

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