MSF has intervened recently in several contexts where large-scale surface water treatment has been a significant feature of the WatSan response – Gambella (Ethiopia), Central African Republic (CAR) and Bentiu (South Sudan) are some examples. The impact of these interventions has been significant. Surface water treatment, if feasible, has better potential for covering the needs of a population in the immediate phase of a response than groundwater. It is simpler, cheaper and, usually, does not involve contracting services beyond basic construction activities.
There are two important aspects to water supply interventions – the quantity and quality. Surface water treatment can deliver on both these to meet common guidelines and standards with relatively little fixed and running costs. This document details one surface water treatment plant (SWTP) intervention in Palorinya Refugee Settlement, Northern Uganda, in 2017.