Open Defecation Status, Community-Led Total Sanitation and Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Voinjama and Kolahun Health Districts, Lofa County, Liberia (2014)
The Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (IWASH) program implemented Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in counties of Liberia to analyze the relationship between Open Defectation Free (ODF) status with the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). The purpose of the study was to validate informal claims that IWASH communities with ODF status experienced no cases of EVD and to identify which community-based EVD activities were most effective.
Effective menstrual management is essential for the mental and physical well-being of women. However, many women in low-income countries lack access to the materials and facilities required. They are thus restricted in their activities whilst menstruating thus compromising their education, income and domestic responsibilities. The paper aims to discuss these issues. This study describes the menstrual management challenges faced by women in an emergency situation in Uganda.
In 2014, ACF initiated an innovative approach for social mobilization activites that mobilizes the communities for impoving control of the risks of transmission of Ebola at the community level. The CLEME program was aimed at triggering the behavioral change needed by the communities to strengthen community resilience to the outbreak and prevent further resurgence by ensuring real and sustainable improvements. The CLEME approach implemented by ACF in the districts of Kambia and Moyamba revealed its efficiency in limiting and controlling the spread of the disease at the community level.
This publication highlights Global Communities' response to the Ebola outbreak and describes the process of adaptation, collaboration and partnership which helped the response to be successful, detailing challenges the led to further adaptation. Global Communities' response to the Ebola crisis was multifaceted and maintained a focus on community engagement and a multi-stakeholder approach.
This evidence synthesis identifies, synthesizes and evaluates existing evidence of the impacts of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions in disease outbreaks in 51 humanitarian contexts in 19 low and middle-income countries. The research team developed theories of change for the WASH interventions under consideration, documenting the theoretical route from intervention activities to outputs, outcomes, and impacts. WASH interventions consistently reduce both the risk of disease and the risk of transmission in outbreak contexts.
Efficacy and effectiveness of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions in emergencies in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
There are increasing numbers of people affected by natural disasters, disease outbreaks, and conflict. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are used in nearly all emergency responses to help reduce disease risk. However, there is a lack of summarized evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions.
Hygiene promotion in Ebola: embedding best practices for safe and dignified burials, the case of Freetown, Sierra Leone
Good hygiene practices are crucial for avoiding Ebola contamination during the transport and burial of deceased persons potentially infected by Ebola. In Freetown, Sierra Leone, Concern Worldwide worked with CDC (Centers for Disease Control) experts to define a quality assessment check list for the day-to-day follow-up of burial team workers.
This guide is a compilation of best practices and key lessons learned through Oxfam's experience of community engagement in the 2014-15 Ebola responses in Sierra Leone and Liberia. It provides ideas for all stages of an intervention, including the importance of assessment; principles and methods for community engagement; the challenges of scaling-up responses and changing communities' behaviours; and reflections on how to better advocate for communities.