Conceptually, simplified sewerage is the same as Conventional Gravity Sewerage, without considering the unnecessary conservative design standards, and with design features that are better adapted to the local situation. The pipes are usually laid within the property boundaries, through either the back or front yards, rather than beneath the central road, allowing for fewer and shorter pipes. Because simplified sewers are typically installed within the condominium, they are often referred to as condominial sewers.
The goal of this technical assistance assignment was to provide support to the emergency WASH sector and local administration, regarding sanitation and faecal sludge management, with focus on value—recovery in emergency settings, in order to sustainably improve the living conditions of displaced populations and their hosting communities.
Where large groups of people are displaced either by conflict or by natural disaster and they are likely to stay in a location for periods in excess of a few weeks, there will be a need to establish and probably subsequently upgrade a centralised water treatment system. This guideline focuses on community level needs where “bulk water treatment” is required. It is devised by the Oxfam Public Health Engineering Team to help provide a reliable water supply where mass displacement of people has occurred, e.g. as found in refugee camps and relief centres.
In a crisis, humanitarians are often responsible for providing or repairing handwashing infrastructure for the affected population. This creates an opportunity for us to build infrastructure and provide products which encourage people to practice handwashing with soap.
Handwashing is a critical practice that is promoted to protect public health, especially during outbreaks of infectious diseases such as COVID-19. Handwashing stations are used both in emergencies and in other contexts to provide locations for people to wash hands with soap. In refugee camps and internal displacement centres, units for handwashing should be installed both at households and next to latrines and in communal areas, such as in markets, schools, and health centres. This document lists a range of options for handwashing stations.
The Guidance Note: Integrating Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) into Ebola Response aims to provide streamlined guidance and practical insights to support Ministries of Health, organizations and agencies seeking to integrate menstrual hygiene management (MHM) into their Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) response. This guidance note was informed by a global desk review and key informant interviews with global experts involved in a range of EVD response efforts in Africa over the last decade.
Menstrual Disposal, Waste Management & Laundering in Emergencies: A Compendium aims to provide strategic guidance to support organizations and agencies seeking to rapidly address these critical and often overlooked aspects of an MHM response. The compendium complements
the MHM in Emergencies Toolkit, which identified a few key gaps in practice, namely: menstrual disposal, waste management and the laundering of reusable materials.
This operational guideline authored by UNICEF WASH Gregory Bulit and Monica Ramos, supports the establishment of case area targeted interventions (CATI) with dedicated community outbreak response teams (CORT) in a country affected by cholera. Annexes include tools to set-up, implement, monitor and evaluate the team responses. Inquiries: Greg Bulit and Laure Anquez.
To date, over 900 TWT's (Tiger Worm Toilets) have been built and trialled across four countries by Oxfam in a range of settings including urban, peri-urban and camps. Trials have also been run by other organisations as well as installations by the private sector. They have been proven to work in both household and shared communal camp settings. However, the learnings show that TWTs are not the solution to all sanitation problems. This manual aims to present considerations for TWTs and provide a guidance for implementation based on globally relevant learnings from Myanmar.
This Rapid Learning Review is a tailored guidance document for developing a health response to the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in humanitarian settings. It is intended for humanitarian operational decision-makers and senior leaders responsible for developing and supporting their organisations’ response to COVID-19, and aims to rapidly assist frontline staff working on international, national and local humanitarian responses to the pandemic.