Chlorine tablets are often a good choice for water treatment in emergencies because they are widely available, cost-effective, easily transported, and simple to use. However, the availability of multiple tablet sizes in an emergency can result in users treating their water improperly, and some doses may be unpalatable to users. This document provides tools to assess water needs in an emergency and make a recommendation for the best chlorine tablet to avoid confusion and provide water that users will accept.
Guidance on supporting people with incontinence in humanitarian and low- and middle-income contexts (LMICs)
This guidance document for supporting people with incontinence in humanitarian and low- and middle- income contexts (LMICs), has been developed by an informal group of professionals interested in incontinence in humanitarian and development contexts. Members have recognised that people who experience incontinence face many challenges that can significantly affect their quality of life, and that of their family members.
Since its relatively recent creation in 2010, the Save the Children (SC) Humanitarian WASH team has steadily increased its integrated support to other SC sectors’ outcomes. In 2017-2018 SC implemented 168 humanitarian WASH interventions across 30 countries. These interventions reached 8 million beneficiaries for an overall global humanitarian WASH portfolio of roughly $80m USD.
The purpose of this document is to provide practical guidance in preparedness, assessment, program design, implementation and monitoring related to Market-Based Programming (MBP) in humanitarian WASH assistance, and more specifically on:
• How to identify linkages between markets and WASH services & goods;
• How market based programming can complement and improve WASH programming;
• How to conduct a WASH market assessment;
This report is the first installment of the ‘Social Science in Epidemics’ series, commissioned by the USAID Office of U.S. Foreign Direct Assistance (OFDA). In this series, past outbreaks are reviewed in order to identify social science ‘entry points’ for emergency interventions and preparedness activities.
Background. People with disabilities and older people make up significant population groups, however, they are disproportionately affected by and amongst the most marginalised in humanitarian response. In contexts of disasters, conflict or unrest, access to water and sanitation can be severely impacted, increasing vulnerability to disease and death.
A Shining Light: How lighting in or around sanitation facilities affects the risk of gender-based violence in camps
Camps are places of refuge for people fleeing conflict and disaster, but they can be dangerous, especially for women and girls. In their first months, many camps rely on communal sanitation facilities – a quick and cost-effective way of meeting immediate needs and minimizing public health risks until a better solution can be developed. Sharing latrines and bathing areas with large numbers of strangers, however, can be frightening.
Poor lighting at water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities may reduce the usage of latrines and other services such as bathing areas and water collection points; especially by women and children. Generally, poor lighting may contribute to fear of crime and specifically Gender-Based Violence (GBV), which may, in turn, further reduce the use of the WASH facilities. For example, in Haiti, teenage girls surveyed by the United Nations (UN) Stabilisation Mission stated that they were afraid to use latrines at night because of the lack of lighting (Emery et al., 2011).