Defeating Cholera in Haiti

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

This document has been prepared to share the 10-year experience, from 2010 to 2020, that UNICEF staff and their partners have accumulated in fighting cholera in Haiti. This guidance document has the objective of providing WASH, Health, Communication for Development and Emergency sectors staff with insights and tools in dealing with a wide-scale cholera epidemic. Although the case of Haiti is particular in many respects, the implemented strategy and lessons learnt from the alert-response approach will be applicable in a number of contexts.

The ripple effect of cash-based programming on WASH services in informal settlements in Lebanon

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

In 2020, the WASH team in UNICEF Lebanon issued a nationwide feasibility and monitoring study for the use of cash as a modality to meet certain WASH needs within informally tented settlements (ISs). Under this initiative, UNICEF implemented a pilot project to evaluate and investigate the appropriateness of scaling up cash-based programming and eventually shifting from the in-kind/voucher-based modality of support in 200,000 ISs.

Evidence Building for Cash and Markets for WASH in Emergencies / Summary of Findings

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

Despite the increasing use of market-based modalities in the humanitarian WASH sector, considerable barriers still exist to using them at scale. With the aim of addressing these barriers, the GWC Markets TWiG commissioned this systematic review of practices and evidence of MBP in the WASH sector.

This study reviewed all available documents which describe practices related to the use of market support or CVA modalities to achieve WASH outcomes and impact in emergencies, as well as documents which describe the evidence of effect of these modalities on WASH outcomes.

Global Review of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Components in Rapid Response Mechanisms and Rapid Response Teams in Cholera Outbreak Settings

Publication year
2019
Emergency type

In recent outbreak settings, the use of rapid response teams (RRTs) to support the WASH sector has increased.
RRTs have been used as part of the response to cholera outbreaks in countries such as Haiti, Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the scope of these teams varying widely. As the
presence of RRTs becomes more common in outbreak settings, it is important to better understand and document
the different types of models in use.

Cash for latrines - Key learning and checklist

Publication year
2018

This document provides guidance on how to use cash for latrines in camp settings. It highlights key lessons from different contexts and captures both cash specific recommendations and general guidance on latrine construction in one document. While much of the guidance emphasizes cash restricted to latrine construction, it also technically supports WASH officers on how to best accompany multi-purpose grants should they cover households latrines.

WASH Coordination in Humanitarian Response: Evidence Summary

Publication year
2019
Emergency type
Country

Providing water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) to emergency-affected populations is necessary for dignity and
disease control. Coordination, via the ‘cluster approach’, is key to WASH program success. We summarized the
outcomes and impacts of WASH cluster coordination using a mixed-methods approach, including literature review,
summary of UNICEF documents, and key informant interviews with experienced cluster staff. Across these three
data sets, consistent themes were identified, including: the cluster approach as a cost-effective ‘best-fit’ model that

Water Management in Fragile Systems

Publication year
2018
Country

Fragility has become the reality in several countries of the Middle East and North Africa. Armed conflict and forced displacement are taking an enormous toll on human lives, with the region accounting for about 60 percent of the estimated global total of battle-related casualties since the turn of the millennium. The fragility of these countries compound the region's water problems.

Menstrual Hygiene Management in Humanitarian Situations: The Example of Cameroon

Publication year
2017
Emergency type
Country

Menstrual  hygiene  is  integral  to  women's  health  and  has  a  lasting  impact  on  women's  education,  livelihoods  and  security:    keystones  to  their  empowerment.  It  is  clear,  however,  that  little  or  no  account  is  taken  of  the  issue  of  menstrual  hygiene  in  humanitarian  response  plans  for  refugees.  As  part  of  the    WSSCC/UN  Women  Joint  Programme  on  Gender,  Hygiene  and  Sanitation  in  West  and  Central  Africa,  a  study  was  conducted  by  the  Demographic  Education  and  Research  Institute  (IFORD)  in