Child handwashing in an internally displaced persons camp in Northern Iraq: A qualitative multi-method exploration of motivational drivers and other handwashing determinants

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

Background. Children in humanitarian situations are particularly vulnerable to diseases such as diar- rhoea. Handwashing with soap can greatly reduce transmission but handwashing rates are often low and traditional interventions ineffective. To aid future intervention design, this study aims to understand the determinants of child handwashing and the key motivational drivers of children’s behaviour within a specific humanitarian setting.

Surface Water Treatment in Palorinya Refugee Settlement, Uganda

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

MSF has intervened recently in several contexts where large-scale surface water treatment has been a significant feature of the WatSan response – Gambella (Ethiopia), Central African Republic (CAR) and Bentiu (South Sudan) are some examples. The impact of these interventions has been significant. Surface water treatment, if feasible, has better potential for covering the needs of a population in the immediate phase of a response than groundwater. It is simpler, cheaper and, usually, does not involve contracting services beyond basic construction activities. 

Tiger Worm Toilet Manual

Publication year
2018
Emergency type
Country

To date, over 900 TWT's (Tiger Worm Toilets) have been built and trialled across four countries by Oxfam in a range of settings including urban, peri-urban and camps. Trials have also been run by other organisations as well as installations by the private sector. They have been proven to work in both household and shared communal camp settings. However, the learnings show that TWTs are not the solution to all sanitation problems. This manual aims to present considerations for TWTs and provide a guidance for implementation based on globally relevant learnings from Myanmar.

 

Innovative Strategies For Providing MenstruationSupportive Water, Sanitation And Hygiene (Wash) Facilities: Learning From Refugee Camps In Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

Background: There is growing attention to addressing the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) needs of the over 21 million displaced adolescent girls and women globally. Current approaches to MHM-related humanitarian programming often prioritize the provision of menstrual materials and information. However, a critical component of an MHM response includes the construction and maintenance of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities, including more female-friendly toilets.

Drinking Water Security Challenges in Rohingya Refugee Camps of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

About a million Rohingyas have fled due to the ethnic cleansing in Myanmar and sought refuge in Bangladesh. The refugees are located in temporary settlements on hilly areas of Cox’s Bazar with inadequate water and sanitation facilities, giving rise to diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea. This exploratory study reports drinking water security challenges in two Rohingya refugee camps within the larger camp network—Camp 2 and the recently-built Camp 4 Extension (Camp 4Ext)—to discover the key everyday issues refugees are facing related to drinking water.

Water Supply in Protracted Humanitarian Crises

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

UNHCR estimates that the average time spent by a refugee in a camp is 10 years, while the average refugee camp remains for 26 years. WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) is a crucial component of humanitarian response and longer-term recovery. Humanitarian agencies and host governments face many challenges in protracted situations and complex long-term humanitarian crises. One key issue is how water supplies should be managed in the long term. Who is best placed to operate and manage WASH services and which delivery model is the most viable?

Effectiveness of water chlorination programs along the emergency transition- post-emergency continuum: Evaluations of bucket, in-line, and piped water chlorination programs in Cox’s Bazar

Publication year
2020
Country

Supplying safe drinking water in humanitarian emergencies is critical, and source water chlorination is a commonly implemented intervention to provide safe water. We evaluated three different source water chlorination programs (bucket, in-line, and piped water chlorination) in the ongoing humanitarian response in Cox’s Bazar refugee camps in Bangladesh. We used a mixed-methods research protocol including key informant interviews, water point observations, focus group discussions, household surveys, and water quality testing.

Post-distribution Monitoring Report. Hygiene NFI Provision through Cash Assistance with E-Voucher Modality to Gure Shembola camp refugees

Publication year
2018
Country

The project was implemented jointly by LWF and NCA. LWF was a lead agency as LWF was working in the camp and responsible for the WASH component on the accountability matrix. The project was funded by NMFA to address the whole population in the camp.

Cash for latrines - Key learning and checklist

Publication year
2018

This document provides guidance on how to use cash for latrines in camp settings. It highlights key lessons from different contexts and captures both cash specific recommendations and general guidance on latrine construction in one document. While much of the guidance emphasizes cash restricted to latrine construction, it also technically supports WASH officers on how to best accompany multi-purpose grants should they cover households latrines.

Soap is not enough: handwashing practices and knowledge in refugee camps, Maban County, South Sudan

Publication year
2015
Emergency type
Country

Background: Refugees are at high risk for communicable diseases due to overcrowding and poor water, sanitation,
and hygiene conditions. Handwashing with soap removes pathogens from hands and reduces disease risk. A
hepatitis E outbreak in the refugee camps of Maban County, South Sudan in 2012 prompted increased hygiene
promotion and improved provision of soap, handwashing stations, and latrines. We conducted a study 1 year after