A feminist study on the impact of COVID-19 on WASH access and the WASH sector response

Publication year
2021
Emergency type
Country

Through a feminist approach to qualitative online survey and document analysis, this research explored how social inequalities intersected with the COVID-19 impact to shape access to WASH in developing countries while also examining the integration of gender into COVID-19 WASH interventions and policies. After describing the inspiration for this study, this article reviews relevant gender studies’ scholarship to explain why gender matters when responding to emergencies through WASH.

Prevention of COVID-19 in Internally Displaced Persons Camps in War-Torn North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Mixed-Methods Study

Publication year
2020
Emergency type

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic poses a grave threat to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs). We examined knowledge, attitudes, and practices with respect to COVID-19 prevention among IDPs in war-torn Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Methods: Mixed-methods study with qualitative (focus group discussions, [FGDs]) and quantitative (52-item survey questionnaire) data collection and synthesis.

Responding to COVID-19

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

This Rapid Learning Review is a tailored guidance document for developing a health response to the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in humanitarian settings. It is intended for humanitarian operational decision-makers and senior leaders responsible for developing and supporting their organisations’ response to COVID-19, and aims to rapidly assist frontline staff working on international, national and local humanitarian responses to the pandemic. 

 

 

 

Technical brief on water sanitation hygiene and wastewater management to prevent infections and reduce the spread of antimicrobial resistance

Publication year
2020
Country

This technical brief provides information to inform water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and wastewater elements within multi-sectoral antimicrobial resistance (AMR) national action plans (NAPs). It includes a summary of evidence and the co-benefits rationale for action in each sector and presents a menu of actions for consideration and refinement in each country context.

Multisectoral approach for the prevention and control of vector-borne diseases

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

The emergence, transmission and distribution of vector-borne diseases (VBDs) are determined by the pathogens, the vectors, the environment, the socio-economics and the health system. These factors exceed the capacity of ministries of health and the health sector and require the involvement of many other sectors and stakeholders. Consequently,

Environmental Transmission of SARS at Amoy Gardens

Publication year
2006
Emergency type
Country

Recent investigations into the March 2003 outbreak of SARS in Hong Kong have concluded that environmental factors played an important role in the transmission of the disease. These studies have focused on a particular outbreak event, the rapid spread of SARS throughout Amoy Gardens, a large, private apartment complex. They have demonstrated that, unlike a typical viral outbreak that is spread through person-to-person contact, the SARS virus in this case was spread primarily through the air.

Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents

Publication year
2020
Emergency type
Country

Currently, the emergence of a novel human coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has become a global health concern causing severe respiratory tract infections in humans. Human-to-human transmissions have been described with incubation times between 2-10 days, facilitating its spread via droplets, contaminated hands or surfaces. We therefore reviewed the literature on all available information about the persistence of human and veterinary coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces as well as inactivation strategies with biocidal agents used for chemical disinfection, e.g.