This programme guide is intended to support humanitarian staff primarily working in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in South Sudan to actively prepare and encourage more women to enter the WASH sector at all levels – community, technical and leadership. The recommendations, checklists and matrixes contain information about how to break down the current barriers and create, and maintain, an enabling environment for women’s participation and leadership.
As an alternative, CLTS can appear fundamentally mismatched with post-emergency and fragile states contexts: the core principle that sanitation hardware should not be subsidised can conflict with urgent need, and with what some will view as a contravention to the right of human assistance. Affected populations have often lost all their wealth, and are traumatised, physically weak, insecure, and at the point of greatest dependency on the aid community. Furthermore, the least able memb
Learning and recommendations on the use of CLTS in emergency and post conflict/post-emergency situations
This forum includes an update on learning and practice in relation to health and hygiene promotion, and community involvement in emergency programs with a focus on the use of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). It was found that the use of CLTS in emergencies has not focused on the type or phase of an emergency response, thus making them not as effective.
Container contamination as a possible source of a diarrhoea outbreak in Abou Shouk camp, Darfur province, Sudan
Diarrhoea is one of the five major causes of death in an emergency setting and one of the three main causes of death in children (Curtis and Cairncross, 2003). In June 2004, an outbreak of shigellosis was confirmed in Abou Shouk camp in the Northern Darfur province of Sudan. As water testing showed no contamination, it was assumed that post-collection contamination was happening. The decision was taken to launch a programme of mass disinfection of all water containers in order to break the contamination cycle.