This operational guideline authored by UNICEF WASH Gregory Bulit and Monica Ramos, supports the establishment of case area targeted interventions (CATI) with dedicated community outbreak response teams (CORT) in a country affected by cholera. Annexes include tools to set-up, implement, monitor and evaluate the team responses. Inquiries: Greg Bulit and Laure Anquez.
Water, sanitation and hygiene partners collaborating to combat severe cholera outbreaks during the State of Emergency in Zimbabwe
This paper aims to understand the value of collaboration in a ‘state of emergency’ situation, featuring the case of the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in Zimbabwe over the period 2008–2012. During this period, a group of stakeholders engaged in a structured collaboration, called the WASH cluster. This initiative was taken to respond to severe and frequent cholera outbreaks.
This document highlights the key messages, lesson, and experiences of both course facilitators and participants from RedR's pilot course on the topic of WASH in urban emergency response. The course covered understanding the context of urban disasters, the populations affected, and how WASH techniques fit into these contexts. The WASH sector in the urban context includes solid waste management, vector control, hygiene promotion, and water treatment options.
Evaluation of the WASH Response to the 2008- 2009 Zimbabwe Cholera Epidemic and Preparedness Planning for Future Outbreaks
The cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe between 2008-2009 also came against a backdrop of water and sanitation infrastructure issues that resulted in sewage contaminated water. This led people to resort to unsafe sources of water and occurred during a weak point in the government and collapse of the health system. The WASH cluster and Health cluster provided assistance to the government and their cholera response included financial support, time input, material and human resources. This report evaluates the response actions and suggests improvements to strategies.
Household water treatment uptake during a public health response to a large typhoid fever outbreak in Harare, Zimbabwe
Locally manufactured sodium hypochlorite (chlorine) solution has been sold in Zimbabwe since 2010. During October 1, 2011–April 30, 2012, 4,181 suspected and 52 confirmed cases of typhoid fever were identified in Harare. In response to this outbreak, chlorine tablets were distributed. To evaluate household water treatment uptake, we conducted a survey and water quality testing in 458 randomly selected households in two suburbs most affected by the outbreak.