Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review

Publication year
2015
Emergency type
Country

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are amongst the most crucial in humanitarian crises, although the impact of the different WASH interventions on health outcomes remains unclear. The aim was to study the quantity and quality of evidence on WASH interventions on health outcomes in humanitarian crises, as well as evaluate current evidence on their effectiveness against health outcomes in these contexts.

Adherence to Point-of-Use Water Treatment over Short-Term Implementation: Parallel Crossover Trials of Flocculation Disinfection Sachets in Pakistan and Zambia

Publication year
2018
Emergency type
Country

The health benefits of point-of-use (POU) water treatment can only be realized through high adherence: correct, consistent, and sustained use. We conducted parallel randomized, longitudinal crossover trials measuring short-term adherence to two single-use flocculant–disinfectant sachets in Pakistan and Zambia. In both trials, adherence declined sharply for both products over the eight week surveillance periods, with overall lower adherence to both products in Zambia. There was no significant difference in adherence between the two products.

Improving Menstrual Hygiene Management in Emergency Contexts: Literature Review of Current Perspectives

Publication year
2018
Emergency type
Country

Management  of  menstruation  in  contexts  of  humanitarian  emergencies  can  be  challenging.  A  lack  of  empirical  research  about  effective  interventions  which  improve  menstrual  hygiene  management  (MHM)  among  female  populations  in  humanitarian  emergencies  and  a  lack  of  clarity  about  which  sectors  within  a  humanitarian  response  should  deliver  MHM  interventions  can  both  be  attributable  to  the  lack  of  clear  guidance  on  design  and  delivery  of  culturally  appropriate  MHM  intervention  in  settings  of  humanitarian  emergencies.  The  objec